Government Job Opportunities in Banks and Railways

Government jobs are highly preferred jobs over private jobs in India. For the smooth running of our country's various departments like Railways, Banks, Municipality services, Administrative services, etc. Indian government appoints many candidates and in return offers them handsome salary package. People attract more towards Government jobs in India due to this handsome salary package and many other things, which government jobs insure. Every year a requisite of many candidates created for many departments which banks are the most common one. Railway department is the second most job-creating department of the country. Government jobs with the best salary package also offers:

1. Job Security

2. Promotions at a fixed period of time

3. Provident Fund

4. Employee Insurance

5. Pension

6. Reservation for SC, ST and OBC candidates

7. Reservation of women candidates (in some departments only)

8. Age relaxation

Departments of these jobs are not located in particular region only, in fact persons are allocated to various offices of one department in many regions or states or cities of the country. Specific state, city, or area is assigned to one particular government office. Eg, municipality offices are different for different cities or states and controlled by one main office in the capital region of that particular state. Let us discuss about the most Jobs creating departments of the country:

Railway Jobs: Railway jobs are the government jobs in railway departments. Railway departments are divided according to the specific regions of the country like North, south, east and west. The mid part of the country has central region. Recruitment process in this department is according to these particular regions only. Recruitment criteria in railways vary from post to post. Like for the posts of guards, linemen, loco pilot and many other jobs like these technical qualifications are required. Similar to other administrative posts eligibility criteria is different. Railway departments publish their vacancies in local newspapers also in employment newspapers for job seekers. Further, a written test is conducted followed by an interview and then finally appointment of the candidate.

Bank Jobs: Bank jobs are the most common government jobs of which almost every person is aware. Every year many people retire from bank and this, create vacancies for many candidates at different positions. Like other departments banking sector also offer jobs according to the particular cadre. Like jobs in clerical cadre, specialist officers, probationary officers and even for Group D candidates which includes guard, sweeper, driver, peon, etc. All these jobs have different eligibility criteria. Every bank demands a certain fixed amount of fees for applying for the particular cadre of job. Moreover, the mode of accepting payment is either by demand draft or by Challan only. Each candidate has to submit the job application either as hard copy or online. After completion of this process, banks work on these applications and process examination call letters for the candidates applied. An aptitude test is held at different centers, which is further followed by declaration of results enlisting candidates selected on merit basis for interview.

Government jobs in every department are completed with eight of the above features, which make a candidate to work in these jobs on long-term basis. As per many surveys conducted, more people go for government jobs rather than private jobs. Although private jobs offer early promotions but then also there is lots of competition for government jobs.



Source by Rosey Smith

Online Education – Is It Worth Anything?

The online education market is increasing by "33% a year" according to Salary.com. This expansion is due to the many opportunities that the Internet affords. Earning a degree was once a pipe dream for the stay at home mom with 3 kids or the rural farm worker, but a degree is now available to anyone with an Internet connection. With this increased access also comes increased risk, with so many colleges offering online degree programs there are also just as many crooks offering you quick and easy programs that take your money and leave you with nothing of value. Choosing the right degree program can open new doors, increase your income or just allow you to fulfill a lifelong dream. How do you avoid the crooks and what will an online degree be worth when you have completed it?

If it sees to good to be true it probably is. Most of the scams can be broken in to two categories; the "Degree Mills" and "This is way to easy to be college". The Degree Mill is very simple, you send them some exorbitant amount of money and they mail you a very nice official looking piece of paper with your name on it that say you have a degree. Degree mills are worthless. You receive no education from them. Do not go looking to just buy a degree, you need to earn it. The other scam is what I call "This is way to easy to be college". You may have seen spam email from these so called colleges. They generally advertise learning a degree in some radically quick time frame (6 months) or only taking a small number of classes. If you were to go to one of these schools they still require some exorbitant fee for what you learn and the classes require little or no work / study. In the end your degree may still be worthless. So how do you choose a degree program that will be worth something?

When choosing an online degree program make sure it is accredited by a sanctioned agency. Accreditation helps ensure that the curriculum and the instructors are of high caliber and afford you the best learning opportunity. Accreditation also add more vale to your degree in the eyes of employers and if you wanted to use that degree as a stepping stone you next degree. You still need to be cautious all Accreditations are not equal you should make sure accreditation agency is recognized. Who are the recognizers? "Washington, DC-based Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA), a private nonprofit national organization, and the US Department of Education (USDE)" From jobs.aol.com

When researching an online program US News & World Report suggest the following:

Do not limit your research to classified ads or survey the Web in search of the right course or program.

See if the online school is accredited and by whom. Check to see if the accrediting agency is officially sanctioned. Lists are available from several accredited organizations.

Check with licensing boards and professional associations to see if the program delivers an acceptable level of training.

Call or write the Better Business Bureau and the attorney general's office to make sure the school is operating legally in a state and to see if anyone has filed a complaint.

Find out if the school is connected to an established, reputable parent company.

If you intend to transfer any online credits earned to another college or university, early on check with that institution to see if they accept those credits.

Ask about the faculty? Who teaches the courses? What degrees do they have? What is their area of ​​expertise?

Refer to the published guides of online, correspondence and other distance delivered courses.

What value will your online degree have? The value of an online degree depends on a person's particular situation. The greatest value will depend on how you will use the degree. According to Howstuffoworks.com industries like Internet / New Media, Technology, and High Tech are the highest supporters of an online degree. While an online degree holds the least value in Medicine, Law, and Health Care / Bio Tech industries. Even tho "Thomas L. Russell of North Carolina State University, did studies that disclosed that there is little if any difference in the quality of education received through online distance learning versus traditional classrooms." – Howstuffworks.com

With this mixed result; an online degree is still a great option for those that have little other choices or those who just do not like traditional classes.

For example: "The cost benefit of online programs lies mainly in the opportunity costs saved, as most students are able to keep their jobs while taking online classes." – Salary.com

"Tonya Gordon ended up with her dream job, doubled her salary, and fees challenged and fulfilled every day." This all happened within a few months of receiving her MBA online through Texas Woman's University (Denton, Texas) "- jobs.aol.com

Without a doubt the popularity of online degrees is exploding. The mass adoption of this form of learning will cause the less accepting industries to value the online degree equal to a traditional degree. The online degree requires the student to be more aware of the school and degree that they choose to ensure that it will have value to them. Online approved degrees have value and will improve your marketability in the job market and can increase your salary range.

Works Cited

Kneram, Caitlin. "The Value of Online Learning."

Salary.com

May 5th, 2007

Tellefsen, Robyn. "Will Your Degree Have Value?"

jobs.aol.com

May 5th, 2007

Obringer, Lee Ann. "How online degrees work."

Howstuffworks.com

May 5th, 2007

Mannix, Margaret. "Buyers, Be wary. Choosing Reputable Distance Learning Programs." US News & World Report, October 15, 2001, p68.



Source by D. Pereda

It Is Easy to Write a Literature Review – Here's How

A literature review is a survey of all existing literature in a specific field. It serves two purposes. First is to exhaustively describe research done in a specific area. The second is to evaluate this body of literature to identify established finds, conflicting evidence and gaps in research. A literature review includes research articles, dissertations, conference papers, scholarly articles and other sources.

This may seem daunting to a beginner. However it is easy to write a literature review. All you need is patience and good analytical skills. All literature reviews have a basic structure. There are slight variations in this format, depending on the discipline and the purpose of the literature review.

The first step is to identify a topic on which you want to write the review of literature. Finding a suitable topic is the hardest part of a literature review. You must begin searching for a topic early. This would involve intensive reading. Choosing a person-relevant topic, which motivates and interests you, will make the entire process much more enjoyable.

Before finalizing a topic, you need to ensure that there is considerable research in that area. So several individuals should have conducted research and written about the topic. As a result you will have various perspectives to compare and analyze.

Once you are well versed with the broad area of ​​interest, narrow it down to a specific topic. The more specific your topic, the more comprehensive your review will be.

The second step is to begin collecting and reading the articles. While choosing a topic you would have done already matched some preliminary research. Now you would need to systematically build on this initial research. Libraries and online journal collections are good starting points. Interviews with subject matter experts, books, documentaries, and archival data can be used during this stage.

Remember reading academic articles can be challenging and you might be inclined to give up. Here are some tips to make your reading of the literature easier:

1. Begin with the easier articles and then proceed to the harder ones.

2. Read the abstract first. Then scan through the article and identify key themes and elements such as the research questions, the findings etc. Make a note of these elements.

3. Next do an in-depth reading of the literature you have collected. Read each article line by line to completely understand it. Look for hidden themes, contradictions and logical gaps in arguments. Try to link it to other literature in the area.

4. Reading requires time and patience. So plan accordingly and allocate maximum time for this phase.

After you have read through sufficient material, you would need to shortlist the articles to the ones most relevant to your topic. Try to look for connections between the articles, and loopholes in the existing research and consensus regarding the subject matter.

Keep an open mind, and look critically at all the information. Your literature review should not be a simple summary of a couple of articles and books. It should provide a unique perspective on the existing literature, and facilitate further debate. Once you have mapped your ideas, arguments and created a loose structure for the review, you will begin the actual writing process.

You would need at least 15 – 20 articles for a good literature review. However, a literature review can have up to 100 articles. Student literature reviews are typically 20 pages long or of 3000 words approximately.

Make sure that your literature review is well organized. A natural flow makes a literature review easier and more pleasant to read. Most literature reviews begin with the title page, the abstract followed by a brief introduction to the topic. The introduction should include the purpose and questions of the review.

The body usually contains a detailed description of each study, along with observations and comparisons of the studies. The finds are then put concisely in the conclusion, after which the implications of the literature review are stated. Implications are your personal addition to the topic based on your reading and analysis. It includes your impressions of what the studies show and the need for further research.

Some points while you write your review:

• Write only when you have read all your text and have understood it.
• Take breaks in between writing the review, so that you do not burn out.
• Always use simple and concise language. Illustrate your points with concrete examples from the text you have read.
• Summarize and paraphrase the articles, instead of using long quotes.
• Edit and review the article, to avoid grammatical and formatting errors.
• Finally never indulge in plagiarism. Use in text citations and references.

In text citations are used when you quote someone else's idea within your article. It includes the author's last name and the year of the study. References must include the author's name, the title of the book, the year of the publication, the publishing house and the location. There are detailed instructions for citations available at all major university websites such as Harvard etc. You could read through them for more clarity on how to write the references.

Now that you know the steps involved in writing a literature review, you will be well equipped to begin your review.



Source by Seema Misra

Why Going Online Is the Best Thing for Your Jewelery Business

Well, the world is shifting its base to the World Wide Web. It is important for the businesses to supplement their physical store with an online presence. It is imperative for the jewelery Industry to incline itself towards digitalization in B2B & B2C at a faster rate. Let us give you the reasons that will help you to consolidate your thoughts.

1. 24/7 Presence

An online store assumes that you are visible all the time. Your customers can buy your jewelry anytime. And they can do this when the time is convenient for them contrary to when the brick-and-mortar store is open. The stores shut down at a set time. An online store gives them the freedom to buy even at midnight from the comforts of their cozy beds.

Additionally, they need not meet you in person and can still be loyal. And all this is possible only when you are present online.

2. Increases your reach

Digitization has the potential of garnering customers from places you might not have up till now. An online store makes you have a global audience instantly. You will have the potential diamond jewelery buyers reaching out to you in no time.
Having online jewelery apps for B2B is another way of reaching out.

3. Increases your credibility

Credibility is an important factor in any relationship, be it personal or professional. You can not interact with each and every customer who comes to visit your physical store, but it's possible with an online store.

Every customer who visits an online store, checks the about us page duly. This is where you can tell them your story. Your expertise and experience in the field in both – business and the market.

It gives you the opportunity to educate people about the art of jewelery making, diamonds, materials, techniques and more. Say as much as you can.

Your online store is a place where you can showcase your products to entice your customers. According to Huffington Post, customers consider an online store as a mark of credibility. If you do not have it, you must have it.

4. Fulfil expectations

Give your customers the delight of your store with all its finery on the World Wide Web. In a survey done by the Forbes, "consumers have heightened shopping expectations, with 71% expecting to view in-store inventory online, and 50% expecting the ability to buy online and pick-up in-store."
But having said so, let's not drift away from the reality which is competition. Before getting online you must understand that there is a lot of competition in this field. So, first and foremost have a great looking website and amazing pieces of jewelry to display including the content which can get them hooked.

Summing up

An online jewelery business for B2B becomes easier and garners for more attention when you adopt online measure like an app or website.



Source by Satya Mirashi

Google AdSense Basics, Tips and How to Start with Google Ads?

There are lots of Opportunities available for you in internet. Most of the people who are using internet do not know that making money in internet is very simple. The main problem is that, they do not have a basic guide for 'How to start?' This article is all about creating a website and getting online ads from Google, Yahoo !, Microsoft and placing it in your website. This is not some stupid jobs like checking mails, taking surveys, clicking some ads or sending spam emails.

Whether you are having your own website or you are having any idea to create a website, then you are having Opportunities to earn with your website through Google, Yahoo! and Microsoft Ads. Creating a Website is not a big deal. You can easily earn 1000 dollars to 5000 dollars per month. There is no limit, even some popular websites are approaching 3000 dollars per day (It is for a Day !!! not for a Month).

You heard about these words "Google AdSense", "Yahoo! Search Marketing", "Microsoft adCenter"? Google, Yahoo !, Microsoft are the Search Engine Giants and now they are entered into the Online Ads. When you are searching in Google or Yahoo !, in the Top and Right side of the Search Result page you can see some special links called "Sponsored Result" or "Advertisement", which is highlighted with some special background color.

What is that "Sponsored Results"?

Organizations like Google and Yahoo! are getting Ads from Advertisers with some keywords for those Ads. For example if an Advertiser gives Ad for his Book Shop, he also gives some keywords for that Ad, which is more relevant to the Book Shop. When some one searches in internet with the keywords provided by Advertiser, Search Engine will show the Advertisers link in the top of the result page with different background color.

Organizations like Google, Yahoo! came up with a new type of online called called "Pay per Click". In "Pay per Click" Ads, Advertiser needs to pay only when somebody clicks on their Ads. Because of this, Advertisers no need to pay just to show their Ads in a website. While browsing if you noticed, in most of the websites you can see Google Ads.

Yes, you also can get these kinds of Ads from Google AdSense, Yahoo! Publisher Network and place it in your website. You do not need to pay anything to get these Ads. You need to have a website, which may be your personal website or some informative website that is not a big matter.

Why I'm calling this Opportunity as "Smart Opportunity!", Because you no need to spend your entire time in this job. You are just need to spend some of your free time to create a website and place the ads in your website. After that you no need to do much, the website will give you good revenue for ever. Your site will earn for you, even when you are sleeping.



Source by Kumar Snk

Make Money Online From Home – Why Some People Make Millions Online While Others Don’t Make a Cent

There are many people who are looking for options to work from home. Especially in this economic state of crisis when most of the things seems to be out of reach of a single earning family group more and more people are inclined towards finding different ways to supplement their income. Some wanting to make it a part time profession while other trying to generate a full time income. Whatever might be your reason, the chances are that you might just end up gaining nothing.

Yes you have heard it right. Most folks end up losing money instead of making it as they are unaware of the basic rules of making money online from home. There are many other like me who have made tons of money online by using various strategies which are quite easy to learn. We will look at the mistakes that people make and how you can avoid them in order to be successful.

When starting up many people have lot of questions which bothers them and lot of what if’s. They are confused about the programs or the system to follow and how it can help them. They are also in the dilemma of finding the right way to approach.

With so many options such as CPA, Surveys Fillings, E-commerce, Digital Products, Affiliate Marketing, etc it can be very confusing for the beginners to decide on which one to choose. There are many scam sites which targets the beginners and provoke them in investing to their program which only helps the guys selling the program in earning money. It will not be easy for the newbie’s to differentiate the good ones from the bad ones.

So in such case the best way to approach is to start your own affiliate marketing business from home. It is the most easy and simple way to make money online from home. Working from home not only helps you earn money but you can also have the leverage to decide your own work timing and schedule. You can work from anywhere for anyone at any part of the world. The amount of hard work and efforts you put in the more money you make.

One of the biggest problems that beginners face is to decide which program or system to follow. If you make a mistake in the beginning of not putting your efforts in learning the right program you will end up wasting your time and energy without even generating a single penny. You might also give up and return back to your 9 to 5 routine.

I have spent thousands of dollars initially finding the right program that worked and helped me earn money from the luxury of my home but I believe you will not want to spend that much amount and time.

Sometime you stumble upon a program that is good but do not have the patience to stick on until it start giving the output in terms on money. We tend to move from one course to another if it does not give us quick results but it is a mistake that most of the beginners make and fail to make money online.

People jumping from one course to another or from one system to another get overwhelmed by the information that they gather and this lead them to “Analysis Paralysis” a term that online community use to describe. Not being able to focus on one single system only leads you closer to failure.



Source by Mallika Dhyani

4 Ideas to Use to Improve Your Dental Practice

Part of running a successful dentistry office is dental practice management. Management is going to cover customer service, marketing, billing, and any other service that is needed to run a successful dental practice. The biggest problem that most dental offices face is managing the business, all they do is focus on is taking care of the patients.

The first thing that you need to remember about dental practice management is that you must follow good business practices. The reason for that is that a dental office is just like any other business office, and if you do not have good business practices, your business is not going to succeed. To ensure that you are following good business practices you will want to make sure you have some specific systems in place before you open your dental practice to patients. The must have systems include appointment setting, billing, accounts payable, accounts receivable, and patient record keeping. Without these systems, your dental practice will not run smoothly.

The next thing that you need to have in place for good dental practice management is a good office manager. Having a good office manager will help you put the systems you need in place, but they can also help your office run smoothly. Even if you have an office manager in place, you as the business owner will need to have a basic understanding of office management. You want to know how to interview and hire people, but how to compute payroll as well.

Another tip that you can follow is your customer service. You will want your office staff, whether it is the receptionist or the dental hygienist, you need to pay attention to how your customers are being treated. You and your staff need to have a great bedside manner, as well as great customer service skills because it can entice patients to come back or stay away. One way to enhance your customer service is to read as many articles as you can on customer service and make improvements as necessary.

The next thing that you should work on is your marketing; This should be one of your bigger goals because it will help determine how successful you are. When working on your dental marketing you will want to think of all the marketing techniques that your dental practice can successfully use. Some of the more popular ones you can choose from are direct mail marketing in the form of postcards, but you can also take out advertisements in local newspapers or pass out fliers around the neighborhood. Once you have thought of all the marketing techniques that would work for a practice you will want to choose the best ones.

When creating your marketing campaign you might want to consider using a dental practice consultant, but that does not always have to be the case. Just remember that when creating your marketing campaign you will want to include a variety of marketing techniques, including internet marketing to achieve the best results from the marketing campaign. The more people you are able to reach with your marketing campaign the more potential patients your dental practice will have.



Source by Tim Gregory

How Are Men Seeking Men at Free Gay Dating Sites?

Gay singles can easily, efficiently, and commodiously seek male love on free gay dating sites. There are countless free gay dating sites all through out the world. These services have helped so many gay singles to get married and settle into a relationship. It is not at all difficult to search out the best possible free gay dating site in the internet world. There are various gay dating sites who never charge a single penny for the registration but start charging as soon as you contact other gay members of the web site.

If you are tight on your budget and looking out for free gay dating services then you must search out for free personal gay web sites which allow two way free communication. This signifies that you will have free site registration as well as communication with other gay singles on such sites. You do not have to pay for nay services. These web sites earn money through the advertisements. The best part is that the gay members need not fill in any credit card information. You are allowed to find your gay soul mate at the comfort of your bedroom, living room and office place.

Gay marriages and relationships are really vernacular in USA. This beautiful country evidences many gay couples roaming here and there holding hands in hands together in the markets and streets. You do not have to go into the night clubs or bars to find your gay partners, simply log into online world and get what you want. These web sites offer various mind blowing services like instant messages and chats. This way you will get more familiar with the other gay members and can choose suitable partner for yourself. Joining up these dating sites is the initial step for the gays to seek romance. You are allowed to give advertisement about your self or upload you profile picture or an album to attract more gays towards you. Another way is to search the perfect gay matches on the site and send attractive messages to them.

You need not travel and tour to find your matches. Just sit in front of your computer screen, register yourself on a good gay dating website and find your mate. Famous gay personals web sites have thousands of gay singles for you. It is a recommended job. Hundreds of gays have found their perfect future gay partner on such web sites in the last few years. Are you ready and prepared to meet special gay men? Make an action now and fulfill your dream.

Important aspect to understand is that the internet word is full of scams. Therefore, it is on your part to enquire fully about the gay dating web site about which you are thinking of joining. Find the best site for yourself and fulfill your requirements. As an advice, you must register your profile on multiple sites together. This will yield better results. It will be right to say that the requests will flow like water.



Source by Jenny Willston

The Prostitution Racket

Although the middle-class has grown in Pakistan, nearly one-quarter of the population is classified poor as of October 2006. The girl child faces greater risks to survival, is more subject to violence and abuse, and has less access to education, proper nutrition and health services. The low status of children and women is a manifestation of low literacy levels, wide gaps between legislation and enforcement, and limited participation in civil society.

This brings us to the taboo topic of prostitution. We say that slavery has vanished from European civilization, but this is not true. Slavery still exists, but now it applies only to women and its name is prostitution (Victor Hugo). Who is a prostitute? According to the dictionary meaning, one who solicits and accepts payment for sex acts. A prostitute (tawaif, also called hooker, whore, hoe, street walker, sex worker or escort) is a person, most of the time a woman, who has sex with people for money.

Some countries have made prostitution illegal. Even still, some countries like Netherlands have made the same act legal and give licenses to people working under this profession.

Prostitution is sometimes called the “world’s oldest profession”. There have been stories of it in almost every culture and society. In the times of the British Raj, this act was considered respectable. The ‘tawaif’ of then was rich in etiquettes and principles. The focus was greatly on the singing and dancing. It was pure innocent entertainment. Rich nobles’ from all over the land would send their sons to these tawaifs, so they could learn manners and poise. Over the years, the innocent entertainment got side-tracked and a new generation of prostitutes emerged, who lacked the abilities to sing and dance and were only interested in making money for livelihood by selling their bodies.

After the partition in 1947, Pakistan inherited the historical red-light districts in Lahore and Multan including the infamous Hira Mandi and Shahi Mohalla area. These were well-developed areas and attracted both wealthy clients and those looking for singers and actresses. These set of people are very particular about their caste system. Those having knowledge and skills about the music and dance are called ‘mirasi’ and those who indulge in sexual activities are called ‘kanjars’. It is a great honor for a mirasi to marry in a pure mirasi family and a kanjar to marry in a pure blood of kanjars.

Pakistan is an Islamic country. Islam strictly prohibits the sex-trade due to the declaration of extramarital sex as an illegal activity. Prostitutes in the country, thus, operate underground and in spite of the legal difficulties, and contrary to popular belief, prostitution is thriving in the country. In Pakistan, prostitution was once associated with dark alleys and small red-light districts. Now, it is fast seeping into many neighbourhoods of the Muslim state’s urban centers’. It is time for all of us to admit that prostitution is doing a roaring trade within our own borders.

It is so common that girls are now auctioned. Some powerful men either arrange to marry the girl or just kidnap her and then sale her! Auctions of girls are arranged for three kinds of buyers: rich visiting Arabs (sheiks, businessmen, visitors, state-financed medical and university students), the rich local gentry, and rural farmers; all of whom get tired of their property soon and look for a new attraction.

The red light areas in big cities, specially Lahore became restricted, barren and were under continuous raids in the times of President Ayub Khan and then in the reign of President Zia-ul-Haq. In the beginning, this came as a ray of hope to eliminate prostitution from a pure land like Pakistan. But alas, the evil spread like fire from then onwards. The result was that these women just spread out in different parts of the city, making it harder to track them down. What did we achieve? A prostitute is no longer the one who lives in the slums such as the Shahi Mohalla. A girl who lives two streets from our house in DHA, Islamabad, is a prostitute. There is no criminal evidence against her, so you might as well mind your own business. There is no stopping to this business!

People consider it a disgrace to be associated to women like that and even then, we regularly find stories on how the most powerful people of our country travel all the way to such places to find the pleasure, they other wise would not be entitled to.

We have to understand that it’s not totally the prostitutes who are wrong. We are equally responsible for their ‘careers’ and conditions. They are not given any option, any chance to become one of us. They are not provided with equal opportunities. It’s not the liability of a child who is born in the house of a prostitute. Whether they like it or not, they have to do the same business. Why, because it’s ‘their’ societal pressure, it’s the only way they can earn a living, because it’s the wish of their mother and father (if they know him). They have to obey their folks and not complying with the wishes of your parents is considered as disregard. Those coming in our society will not be accepted and instead they will have to fall back on drying their stomachs till death.

The more talented tawaifs have their aim to enter into the film industry. Once they do get a break, they deny any relation to their original place of birth in the fear of not being accepted, regardless of their pious character. Officially it is illegal, but unofficially it is tolerated. Many times, when a righteous SSP is appointed, a customary raid is carried out to round up a few pimps and a few women, but they are released after a night or two and everything goes back to normal.

In a survey, I found out that ninety-five per cent of the teenage prostitutes in Islamabad, Rawalpindi and Lahore were sexually abused by their close relatives, friends and teachers before they adopted the profession of granting sexual favors for payment. In sharp contrast to the common assumption that prostitutes normally belong to the uneducated segment of society, the survey has also found that 74 per cent of them were undergraduates.

The prostitutes presented in the Bollywood and Lollywood films are actually quite opposite from the reality. There are some prostitutes who charge high and like to be referred as ‘call-girls’, the more modern term. But in the same society, there are prostitutes who work for Rs. 10-20. This is the level of illiteracy and poverty. The level of abortions for these women touches the sky as well. They do not indulge in any wooing activities and ‘get to the business’ immediately. This also increases the level of diseases. HIV aids and Syphilis are the most common diseases transmitted through sex. And there is no cure to it unless counselling and awareness is available.

Clause 6 of the millennium development goals (MDG’s) of the UN focuses on how to stop/ prevent the spread of HIV Aids. If any one of the clause in the MDG fails, the whole project is considered to be a failure. Recognizing the importance of this is the first step. Every possible effort should be made to re-enact a sense of humanity and ethics. Awareness should be created. If we can not eradicate it, at least we can try to subdue it.

On May 1998, a Pakistani woman was threatened by the Supreme Court to severe punishment, if she did not allow to her ex-husband to have sex with her, whenever he wanted. Although she was remarried then, the Court of Pakistan disbanded any respect to her happy married life. What right do we have to judge the prostitutes when the law makers of the country are being insensible on their decisions? Why should a woman have extramarital affair when it is clearly not allowed in Islam or anywhere else? Is it morally, socially and ethically correct?

The activity of song and dance, as practiced in the Shahi Muhallah and many other places for that matter, facilitates the act of prostitution. In the olden days, singing and dancing and the ‘entertainment’ must’ve have been the main focus for such activities. But there is no denial to the fact that all of these contribute in enticing a man to get him to pay more. From amongst these men, there is at least 50% ratio of those who pay even more to get the sexual pleasures. We have to understand that the prostitutes will continue to increase in number a long as they stay in business, as long as there are customers. The basic economic concept applies here: supply is equal to demand. I will end my article on the lines of Don Quixote:

“Sanity may be madness but the maddest of all is to see life as it is and not as it should be.”



Source by Arooj Fatima

Selling Unwanted Cars Can Earn You Some Cash

To some people, cars are more a necessity than a luxury. It is something more than a mere transportation. If you possess an automobile, you can save your time and money. Travelling with your own car is quite a fun and you can enjoy your trip in a hassle-free manner. You can go out whenever you want. But, as you purchase a vehicle, greater responsibilities also lie to you. You have to take care of your automobile and also have to maintain it by servicing on a regular basis. If you hire a chauffeur, then you have to pay him well.

On the other hand, when your car gets old or junk and when it becomes unserviceable, it becomes useless. That time you can think of buying a new automobile in exchange of the old one. But, if your vehicle is not in a good condition, then it will be quite hard to find a potential customer for it.

Vehicles become unusable for certain reasons. Cabs, which are more than ten years old can create many problems while travelling. They need servicing and repairing almost every week. The cars which are damaged in any accident or the cabs, which have got some irreclaimable dents or scratches can also be considered as worthless and unwanted vehicles.

There was a time when people had to throw their scrap cars in the junkyard. But time has changed and today, you can find several companies who can offer you a good deal of cash for cars.

But certain conditions are applicable there. These services don’t take all kinds of useless cabs. They generally check out the license or the valid authorization of the automobile and also evaluate its current condition.

You can think that what these services do after they take the scrap cars. They disassemble the dilapidated fiacres in order to take out the scrap metals from the spare parts. This is a part of the automobile recycling procedure which helps to keep the environment clean and also plays a significant role in social responsibility.

Most of these companies have their own websites, through which you can contact them. You can call up their number or can send email to them. You can also assess their quality and can also check out their previous success.

Certain benefits of hiring the cash for cars services are –

Time, money and effort saving

You don’t have to go out and sell your vehicle. They will send vans to take your car from your home. You don’t have to make extra expenses of transportation.

Keeping the atmosphere tidy

The dirt and dust of a useless cab are harmful for the residents. Selling the vehicle can help to make the ambience cleaner.



Source by Luther Martin