Outsourcing Software Product Development and Engineering – Growing A Feasible Option

According to Indian IT analysts and leading SURVEY agencies, IT outsourcing in India is one of the most fast growing sector of the International market. The expert analysts from Gartner estimate that the profits of outsourcing to India in 2008 are much larger than any other outsourcing countries in the world.

On the global IT outsourcing marketplace, Indian software product development and engineering sectors have a number of advantages that surpass competitor from any other country in the world:

o The manpower of higher experience with excellent learning techniques that bring not only knowledge to develop high tech solutions at lower cost, but also teach creativeness, flexible thinking, and the capability to develop a multi-variant model of software product development.

o Expert technical training based on Indian educational traditions giving a right combination of techniques and theoretical basis, which permits the development of clusters of advanced software products.

o Customer oriented approach-a capability that found only in Indian Software programmers who accept complicated and individual task. Most of the Indian companies usually have limited employees and prefer handling a great number of enormous orders, which allows them to fully acclimatize to each client, work thoroughly to meet their needs

o Best price/quality combination. Indian software offshore outsourcing companies were among the first in Asia to get the CMM/CMMI Level 5 certification to establish the quality of their software services in comparison to any other countries. However, Indian IT programmers provide usually better services. Due to the geographical proximity to USA and European culture, Indian software offshore outsourcing companies can give a best possible price/excellence in work.



Source by Nitin Chauhan

Bengaluru – Silicon Valley of India

Awe-inspiring skyscrapers, futuristic IT zones, mushrooming businesses and impossibly clean roads, sprawled over 740 sq. kms. housing 8 million ambitious but friendly people, together comprise Bengaluru city. The various attributes of the city led to Bengaluru being dubbed as Garden City, India’s Silicon Valley, Pub Capital Of India, Fashion Capital Of India, Floriculture Capital and Science Capital Of The Country.

Bengaluru owes its name to a kind old lady who rescued a Hoysala king from the pangs of hunger by serving him some cooked pulses. As a token of appreciation for this deed, the king named his region Benda Kaaluru (city of boiled beans). The city’s history has been constructed by a number of note worthy kings belonging to the Hoysala dynasty and the Vijayanagar empire, and British governors. A number of monuments and palaces glorify various events that took place over the ages.

Bengaluru has metamorphosed from the peaceful abode of quiet retired souls to the headquarters of loud, fast-paced, tech-savvy professionals. The Bengaluru City seems to have a knack for adopting cutting-edge technologies that inevitably boost its developmental pace – its streets were the foremost to be illuminated by electricity in India, and the foundations of the country’s first aircraft manufacturers, Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL), were laid here.

Bengaluru is India’s premier IT hub, housing the highest number of software companies in India. That the city attracts IT professionals like bees buzzing about a flower has been proved by a survey conducted by Aspiring minds Research Cell, where in Bengaluru is stated to be the preferred workplace of 72% of fresh IT graduates. The city’s IT sector records exponential growth that is unparalleled by any other Indian state.

Sound educational systems are a pre-requisite for development, and Bengaluru is home to hundreds of schools and colleges boasting commendable infrastructural facilities. From elementary schools to PG colleges, one is guaranteed to find an educational institution that caters to all their needs. The superior educational system of Bengaluru is the reason that the city is credited with cultivating most of India’s Nobel Prize nominees.

Bengaluru is enlivened by the zealous, mall-hopping, club-crashing youth of the city, who zip by the streets as though they were a part of a Grand Prix. The city is home to the most effervescent clubs, whose dance-floors are set on fire by the state’s best DJs, live musicians and bands. There is no dearth of entertainment for the people of Bengaluru, thanks to the 90-odd cinema halls and multiplexes peppered over the city. The multi-lingual state celebrates all festivals with great gusto, and numerous cultural organizations strive to regenerate the ebbing interest in the Indian tradition by conducting various entertainment programmes aimed at different audiences.

Over 230 hotels in Bengaluru (both budget and 5-star) cater to the needs of business and leisure travelers. Arranging sight-seeing trips has been made easier than ever as most of the accommodation facilities consist of a travel desk. Bengaluru is a city that features on the itinerary of all those visiting India, for its cultural diversity, rich heritage and wondrous modernity.



Source by Ketu Shekar

Top Engineering Branches in India

Engineering courses have been and will be one of the most popular undergraduate courses in India in the coming years. The most common doubt among all engineering aspirants is about the course. The students are always uncertain about the engineering courses/branch/ specializations/ discipline. The interest and aptitude for the engineering stream is something which really matters. Selecting an engineering discipline can be very difficult. The aspirants often get confused whether to choose a stream of their choice or a reputed institute.

To answer these questions, we have listed out various engineering branches based on preceding trends and the preferences of other engineering aspirants.

1. Computer Science Engineering (CSE):

Nowadays we are stepping up towards the computerization and upgrading in our social as well as professional life. CSE is one of the most desired disciplines of engineering courses. It involves the design and understanding of computational processes and programming languages.

Subjects: In CSE, apart from the elementary engineering subjects, the core subjects of the branch are Data Structure, Database Management System, Artificial Intelligence, Computer Networks, Operating Systems, Object Oriented Programming, System Programming, Data Communications, etc.

Career Opportunities: There job opportunities in the field of CSE are huge. After the completion of degree in CSE, one can work in the field of database management, embedded systems, IT, telecommunication, multimedia, computer hardware & software implementation, computer hardware & software maintenance, gaming, web designing and other related industries. It is a vast field to work in private as well as public sector.

Areas of Specialization: CSE has the expanded field when it comes to specialization. The subjects for specialization are Computer architecture and organization, Database systems, Electronics, Operating systems, Networking, Foundations of Computer Systems, Java Programming and Website Design, E-Commerce & ERP and Multimedia Applications. For Post Graduation, students also prefer Masters in Business Administration (MBA) for better job opportunities.

Companies: Some of the companies that hire CSE engineers include Microsoft, Google, Yahoo, Amazon, IBM, Facebook, Oracle, Cisco, Infosys, TCS, and Wipro.

2. Electrical & Electronics Engineering (EEE):

This branch incorporates the study of wide variety of technology. These engineers are responsible for designing, developing, testing as well supervising the production of electrical and electronic equipment and machinery. Broadcast and telecommunication systems, electric motors, controls of machinery, lights and wiring in building complexes, vehicles, aircraft, radar and navigation systems, power generation, control and transmission devices which are used by electric utilities are all examples of equipment built by these engineers.

Subjects: In addition to the basic engineering subjects, the core subjects include Power Engineering, Control Systems, Digital Electronics, Electrical Measurement & Instrumentation, Electromagnetic Field Theory, etc.

Career Opportunities: This branch has lot of opportunities in the government sector. One can work in steel factories, railways, at construction sites or handle automated systems in which electricity supply and distribution plays an important role.

Areas of Specialization: The EEE graduates can opt for Post Graduation in subjects like Communications, Computer Hardware, Computer Software, Control Systems, Electromagnetic, Electronic Design, Optics, Power Systems, Remote Sensing and Space Systems, Semiconductor Devices, Signal and Image Processing, etc.

Companies: Some of the good companies which provide placement in Electrical or Electronics field are Wipro Lighting Corporate, Schnider Electric, Bajaj Electricals Limited, Siemens, Alstom Corporate, Bharat Heavy Electrical Limited., Crompton Greaves, Havells India Limited, ABB India Limited, EMCO limited, HBM power system, etc.

3. Mechanical Engineering (ME):

This discipline applies the principles of engineering, physics and materials science for the design, analysis, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. It is the branch of engineering that involves the design, production and operation of machinery. It is one of the oldest and broadest of the engineering disciplines.

The mechanical engineering field requires an understanding of core areas including mechanics, kinematics, thermodynamics, materials science, structural analysis and electricity.

Subjects: Apart from the basic engineering subjects, the core subjects are Thermodynamics, Material Technology, Manufacturing Design, Fluid Mechanics, Heat & Mass Transfer, Control Engineering, Production & Industrial Management, Computer Aided Design, Machine Design, etc.

Career Opportunities: The career opportunities for ME graduates are huge. These engineers can work with Industrial Systems in manufacturing while others may be in product design for an automaker or even a toy company. Mechanical Engineers can work in thermal power industry, gas turbines industry, air conditioning and refrigeration industry, oil and gas exploration and refining industries, agricultural sector, educational sector, aviation companies, shipping industries, aerospace industry, armed forces, pharmaceutical, automobile industry and many others. Students can also go for a teaching career after mechanical engineering.

Areas of Specialization: The students can opt for M.Tech/M.E in areas of specializations like Production Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Thermal Engineering, Automobile Engineering, Machine Design and Fluid Mechanics.

Companies: Some of the top government companies recruiting mechanical engineers are ISRO, BHEL, NTPC, BARC, DRDO, SAIL, etc. The top private companies are L&T, Brahmos Aerospace, Maruti Suzuki, Tata Motors/Tata Group, Mahindra Group, General Motors India, Bajaj Automobiles, Godrej & Boyce, Mercedes Benz India, John Deere, Thermax, etc.

4. Civil Engineering:

Civil engineering is one of the finest and oldest branches of engineering. It involves designing, construction, development, supervisions of tunnels, roads, buildings, highways, dams and sewage systems.

Subjects: Other than the elementary engineering subjects, the core subjects are Surveying, Building Construction Materials, Building & Town Planning, Water Resources & Irrigation, Advanced Construction, Foundation Engineering, etc.

Career Opportunities: Civil engineering provides ample opportunities in various fields. They can seek employment in construction projects carried out by the government. These projects mainly involve public development works like airports, highways, sewage boards and railways. Engineers from this field can also work in research and teaching. They can also start their own business and provide services of construction, design and maintenance.

Areas of Specialization: Civil engineering is a deep field of technical education. It has various areas of specializations after completion of the B.Tech degree. The sub-disciplines are Material Science & Engineering, Construction Engineering, Structural Engineering, Surveying, Control Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Earthquake Engineering, etc.

Companies: Some of the reputed firms which hire civil engineers are Emmar Properties, PCC, Shapoorji & Pallonji, European Contracting, White Young, etc.

5. Aerospace Engineering:

Aerospace Engineering is the most demanding and interesting career option. Students interested in learning about missiles, satellites and aircraft usually opt for Aerospace Engineering. It deals with the development of new technology in the field of aviation, space and defense systems. It involves design and manufacturing of hi-tech systems.

Aerospace Engineering is categorized into two branches – Aeronautical Engineering and Astronautical Engineering. Aeronautical Engineering specializes in aircraft, missiles and helicopters. On the other hand, Astronautical Engineering includes space shuttles, rockets and space stations.

Subjects: On addition with the basic engineering subjects, the core subjects include Aerodynamics, Aircraft Structures, Fluid Mechanics, Propulsion, Manufacturing & Assembly Drawing, Flight Dynamics, etc.

Career Opportunities: As an Aerospace Engineer it is very vital to decide the area of interest – whether one is interested in Aeronautical Engineering or Astronautical Engineering. Both the branches have excellent job opportunities. Job opportunities for these engineers are available in Airlines, Air Force, Corporate Research Companies, Defence Ministry, Helicopter Companies, Aviation Companies, NASA and many others.

Areas of Specialization: Students can opt for Post Graduation with specialization in Aerodynamics, Aerospace Structures, Aerospace Propulsion, Dynamics and Control, etc

Companies: Some of the top recruiters in this field are Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), Defense Research and Development Laboratories (DRDO), Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Civil Aviation Department, Air India, India Space Research Organization (ISRO) and others.



Source by Anjana Krishnan

India Among Top Jeanswear Market

India among top jeanswear market
Jeanswear trends started in India truly in the eighties, with the establishment and the movement of brands like Avis, Wings, Flying Machine, UFO, along with international brands like FU's. With the realistic pricing and a "Good jeans for less" proposition, Newport entered into the mass psyche in the mid-nineties. The growth in the domestic jeans and casualwear market is attracting an increasing number of multinationals into the segment.

With the Indian youth becoming increasingly fashion conscious and with spending power being consistently on the rise, making life easier for the fast-growing 'premium' category of jeanswear brands. On the other hand, it has been tough times for other segments of the business – one of the underperformers being a mass-market jeanswear brand.

Denim consumption boost up in India
Various apparel categories, excluding innerwear, jeanswear too is connected to brand tags in India. A label tag is a must now on the back waist panel of even tailored garments. As regards to contribution of the branded section in each category percentages may vary, approximately 79 percent of the jeans sold in India tagged with label, the rest of jeans are supplied by tailors and localized manufacturers with no-name.

Daily in India, there are a number of small stores where customized jeans are stitched for as little as Rs 200. And their customers are not only Indians, but Westerners too, and you can find a long queue of Westerners, waiting to purchase customized jeanswear to be used as wear and throw and it is because of the reality for the Westerners that the availability of a customized piece of clothing at very low pricing. On the other hand, the more and more affluent middle class is amazingly responsive about the charm of branding.

Denim wear consumption in India and the business is itself changes almost everyday with new modification and new brands, it is also becoming a part of its action by determining the size, character and make up and it also requires a substantial market research study.

According to a survey report, by considering the aspects of socio-economic, cultural, emotional and functional backgrounds and its applications there are four type of branded jeanswear market available in India.

India among top jeanswear market
Jeanswear trends started in India truly in the eighties, with the establishment and the movement of brands like Avis, Wings, Flying Machine, UFO, along with international brands like FU's. With the realistic pricing and a "Good jeans for less" proposition, Newport entered into the mass psyche in the mid-nineties. The growth in the domestic jeans and casualwear market is attracting an increasing number of multinationals into the segment.

With the Indian youth becoming increasingly fashion conscious and with spending power being consistently on the rise, making life easier for the fast-growing 'premium' category of jeanswear brands. On the other hand, it has been tough times for other segments of the business – one of the underperformers being a mass-market jeanswear brand.

Super Premium Segment (Rs. 2000 +) – brands like Tommy Hilfiger, Hugo Boss, AN Jeans, Rocky S Jeans, Rathore Jeans

Premium Segment (1000-2000) – Pepe, Levi's, Lee, Wrangler

Middle Segment (Rs. 500-1000) -Most Indian brands cover both Middle and Premium categories

Economy Segment (300-500) -Ruf n Tuf, Newport, Impact, Thunder as well as in store labels like Westside's SRC and 2Fast4U that are priced between Rs. 375 to Rs. 600

At the lower and unorganized end of jeanswear market the price is assumed as under Rs.300. Where as most Indian brands cover both Middle and Premium categories.

In the year 2001-02 about 34 million pieces of jeans were sold, which accounted for a market value of Rs1363 crore. The Super Premium brand jeans was almost not there in the market (about Rs.3 crore), until 2001-02, as there were only a few companies. At this time, the Economy segment (Rs.300-500) was credited to about Rs.500 crore. The premium (Rs.1000-2000) and middle segments (Rs.500-1000) reached to Rs.150 crore and Rs.400 crore respectively. Until this time, consumption per pair of jeans continued predominately under the Rs.1000 mark as its top limit.

Then a clear pattern observed in the period of 2002-03, the premium and middle segments rose at approximately 20 and 15 per cent respectively. In other words we can say, jeans priced above Rs.1000 were sold more than those under.

The Economy segment grew at approximately 10 percent, while the total market size grew by approximately 10.8 per cent over 2001-02, with 37 million pairs of jeans raking in only over Rs.1500 crore in sales in 2002-03.

The report shows that, of all the price bands, the premium segment performing a large amount of visible and faster growth. During the period of 2003-2004, the premium segment performed with the 25 percent rise with a market value of Rs.225 crore.

The Economy segment includes a steady growth at 10 per cent with a coverage over 15 million pieces in the Rs.300-500 price value shifting to retail shelves. Thanks to the fastest growth in the premium segment, together with a rise of the high-value Super-premium ranges (30,000 pieces causing Rs.9 crore in sales), reached to Rs.1690 crore with its 11.9 percent, the overall jeanswear business also increased at a percentage point higher. This key improvement of the super premium price range within a few years is amazing. In 1999, if a brand was introduced at Rs.1100, it was considered as 'super premium' while the same price, the same product in 2003 would build it hard to premium segment.

For the year 2004-2005, the study projected a further fastest growth for jeanswear as a category, at about 12.5 per cent.

Once again, from the Premium segment, the highest growth is likely to occur though growth will stay at 25 percent. The Middle segment was also planned to maintain the period of 2002-2003 – at 15 percent, and transported about Rs.608 crore from eight million pieces. The Economy segment is also performed steady rise – 10 percent – with nearly 17 million pieces moving to the retail shelves.

Approximately 43 million pairs of jeans are expected to be sold during the period of 2004- 2005, with menswear obtaining with the major share – 76 per cent, women wear at 17 per cent and kids wear at 7 percent. By the end of the present financial year, the jeanswear market in India would witness valuation about Rs.1902 crore.

In addition to women's wear, the scenario of market in denim wear brand is prospective for the kids wear market. For children, in addition to just clothing, denim can perform more significantly in accessories and functional products.
However, there remains some doubt on how to deal with the attention to the 10-15 years age segment. This is a consumer set that does not fit into most jeanswear brands' core target – 16-25 years – and is also not quite prepared to be treated as' kids'. For denim, there exists a large base in this age group, which will willingly adopt structured merchandise that connects with their distinct preferences.

The year 1997 has been taken as base year for the price range purpose. Then the super premium price range beyond Rs.800-plus could not be imagined as there were not too many offers beyond that range. However, we ourselves were surprised to note that now the super premium range may easily be defined at range of Rs.2000-plus. The time has changed in such a short time. There is a major learning for all of us and specifically for international brands.

While judging on the part of the entry strategies for various international brands, the most challenging job is to determine the right price points. There are many aspects – parity with international prices, global positioning, perceived image in the new market, and anticipated positioning in the new market connecting to incumbent brands. And most of the times, a mix of these parameters and their weights is applied to identify with certain other, not likely to definite factors in mind. Unlike developed or established markets, it has much more space to expand on the premium end once the brand is established and customers are well-informed about the difference, and the only one factor that has to keep in mind is that the Indian market is growth -driven and is fueled by inflation.

The entrance of premium price points in denim market is also determined by the fact that the market was in decelerated phase in 1999-2000. At that time the brands were required to present more value-added products to create consumer look at denim in a different way. As weigh against to "worker's apparel", the denim with embroidery and innovative washes, styling and cuts was found to be more as fashion apparel.

This change in rank allowed denim to walk around newer and higher price points. And also unlock the giant door for many international brands to strive at higher price points by creating more advance merchandise. Supporting to this, the recognition of denim wear as fashion apparel fascinated many Indian designers to show their strong presence. And also give further merchandise to the premium and super premium ranges.

The Economy and lower price bands appear to have been unnoticed in the jeanswear brand to move ahead. In India, there are few exceptions, like Newport in the mid-nineties and at present Ruf n Tuf (via the Arvind Brands and Pantaloon Retail joint effort) attempted to capture this untapped and big market opportunity.

Whereas the denim brands for their continued existence have found some reply at the premium end, the real speed where denim belongs is still uninfluenced. The approximations are that at a price point of Rs.300 for denim jeans, the market could be as big as Rs.2000 crore ie larger in value compared to the whole market existed at present. However, the biggest challenge lies all across the supply chain – be it the distribution or retail at front-end or the highly efficient manufacturing at the other end.

Consequently, with the appearance of modern formats of retailing as large format department stores or numerousalls permitting more exclusive brand stores to start, where products needs a different stage of environment and service levels to exhibit, trial and purchasing decision that was not seen until at present, which provide the strong support to the development of the premium end at a large. The situation seems to be further progressive for premium end brands with the constant growth projection in retail sector.

The markets drift evidently prove that the denim may be going for another declination soon, but it gives the impression that with all these new products and innovations, premium brands may be capable to remain in much improved phase.

Considering the manufacturing point of view (whether the fabric or garments) mills like Arvind Mills have shown their competency in production and received the respect as a large scale of producer with the position to present the cheapest basic denim fabric in the world. Although, India does not have in fact efficient jeans making provisions as a VF Corp. (owner of Lee and Nautica Jeans) has in other parts of the world.

From the marketing and distribution point of view, as a mass market of jeans achieved, the complicated and split nature of the distribution chain has not allowed many good judgments and came to pass, and also has squeezed many perceptions in their push. Though, with a much more efforts desired by logistics suppliers and quick development in retail formats like Big Bazaar, many difficulties can be removed and the vast potential for denim jeans can be opened.

The urban and semi urban masses: another targeted audience to deliver the products
On the back end, whereas it may be starting phases of the markets for urban and semi urban masses, the large portion of rural and semi rural markets are another targeted audience to deliver the products. As the practical requirement of jeans may be extremely vary from what is required in urban markets' masses, there will be a challenging task to operate from the basic product itself. Whether it is waterproofing, or anti bacterial fines, with the consideration of the market size, making jeans for the rural market, more and more research and development tasks are required to develop the market. It is the efforts taken by DSCL (Hariyali), ITC Ltd (Sagar) and Godrej (Adhaar) into rural retailing, the setup in rural market may soon turn out to be much easier to deal with. These set ups can unlock the doors to the largest untapped market in the world.

In the end, to wait on the opportunity in premium brand, it is surprised to note that all potential segments are moreover already in its position or can easily be shaped. Although, the absent portion is an assertive company to set all these segments together and switch over to this potential into real business.



Source by Gaurav Doshi

Reasons Behind Increasing Study Immigration Consultants for Canada in India

In recent years, India and Canada have enhanced their bilateral cooperation in many sectors like education, trade, environment, investment and many other fields. Out of this, education is the most transparent connection between the two countries because we all know that most of the Indian students choose Canada for academic qualification respected around the world. More than 200,000 top international students and researchers choose to study in Canada each year. In 2010, around 12000 students approached study immigration consultants for Canada visa and applied for a student visa. In 2013, this figure doubled and it is expected to get escalated in upcoming years.

Now the question “Why Canada?” may strike your mind. But you would like to know a few facts about education values before throwing money at your visa, tuition and living cost in the country. Here are some of the most significant things about Canada’s popularity as an international education destination:

The Best and Safest Place to Live

According to United Survey and Economist Intelligence unit, Canada has ranked as one of the top ten places to live in the world. Its naturally beautiful and welcoming environment promotes lifestyle and learning together. Country’s high standards of living, cleanliness, low crime & violence rates, high life expectancy makes it the safest place for outsiders live here.

Multicultural Society

Every year, more than 200,000 international students from all over the world apply for a study visa for Canada. This figure includes people from all over the world with diverse culture, language and thoughts. This diversity forms a multicultural society in Canada. Thus, you can not only achieve a respected qualification, but also gain an everlasting experience form this multicultural environment.

Illustrious Education System

The Canadian government places great importance on learning and has developed a first-rate education system not only for citizens but also for international students. A Canadian degree, diploma or certificate is well-regarded in every commercial circle around the globe. Along with theory lectures, practical training that is highly job-market focused is given to students. In this way, study in Canada opens door to global job and career opportunity for long term.

Affordable Education

High standard of living and education does not mean pricey tuition and living fees. Cost of living and study in Canada is affordable as compared to other countries.

Liberal Visa Rules

Taking advantage from change considered from June 1, 2014 in Canada immigration rules, Indian students tremendously approaching their study immigration consultants for Canada visa. According to new rules, now students can work in Canada for two years after completing their degree that brings multiple career benefits to students.

Other than these, there are hundreds of reasons why people choose to study in Canada. This increasing figure is equally generating reasons for the immigration industry to grow. Each university in Canada has its own policy regarding admission requirements. You may be dreadfully confused if you decide to try to tackle whole process yourself. Here comes the role of study immigration consultants for Canada. These professionals have wide experience and knowledge of immigration industry. They have professional connections with top-ranked universities, colleges and educational institutes in Canada. Moreover, they have dedicated spirit to help students lead to a global career.



Source by Pardeep Balyan

Choose The Right Water Purifier For Your Home

Regardless of how clean your drinking water looks, there is no guarantee that it is pure and germ-free. It could have microscopic pathogens that cause diseases, new age contaminants like lead and arsenic or a very high level of TDS (Total Dissolved Salts) .

Across 8 major cities in India, water-borne diseases like cholera, jaundice and typhoid accounted for 77% percent of all diseases in India. The survey also thread light on the fact that the TDS levels are way above the permitted level in many regions in India, including cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore.

You may think that boiling your water before you drink it is good enough. However, this is far from the truth. Boiling only provides protection against microbial contamination caused by bacteria, virus, etc. it does not remove dangerous chemicals / new age contaminants like lead, pesticides and physical impurities like mud, dust, rust, etc.

So what is it that you can do to ensure that the quality of drinking water your family gets is pure and safe?

Many families are turning to water purifiers to ensure that their drinking water is safe and healthy. But, with the market flooded with a plethora of brands how do you know what water purifier to choose?

A little bit of research is all you need before you buy your water purifier. The first and foremost thing you need to know is what your water condition is. Once you know this you know what kind of water purifier you need to buy. Here's what you need to know about the various technologies available in the market.

Reverse Osmosis

If you live in an area where you get hard water then RO water purifiers are ideal. If the TDS (Total Dissolved Salt) levels in your water exceeded the permissible limit then it poses a serious threat to your health. RO water purifiers reduce the TDS content in your water to a permitted level and should be used only if the level of Total Dissolved Salts in water is very high.

RO (Reverse Osmosis) works by applying high pressure on the water depending on the level of salt content; it is thenforced through a 0.0001 micron, semi-permeable membrane. RO allows cross filtration of water, where the contaminants are caught in the membrane. The impure water goes one way and the clean water goes another way. The cross filtration allows the impure water to sweep away the contaminants with it then, preventing a build up.

Typical RO purifiers remove more than 90% of the TDS and all impurities present in the water. These impurities could range from bacteria, virus, protozoa, cysts, coliform, physical and chemical contaminants etc.

UV

UV water purifiers are ideal in areas where you get soft water like that from rivers or lakes and where the TDS level is below 500mg.

In purifiers that use UV purification, a lamp is used to create UV rays to which the water is exposed. The UV rays penetrate into the microorganism and alter its DNA, once this is done then it is essentially killed and can not cause any infection or even reproduce! This method destroys about 99.99% of all organizations that cause diseases!

These purifiers do not change the chemical composition of the water or alter its taste. Since it does not alter the chemical composition of water it can not be used in areas where you get hard water.

Carbon Adsorption

When water is passed over the carbon surface the contaminants are drawn to the surface. The carbon is processed to make it extremely porous, this provides a large surface area for adsorption or chemical reactions. These carbon filters typically use granular carbon or blocks of powdered carbon. It is a commonly used technology and is very effective against getting rid of pesticides, herbicides, chlorine, radon and other chemicals. The quality of these filters are rated by the size of particles that it can remove. A filter that measures 0.5 micron is more effective than the one that measures 10 microns.

Ultra filtration (UF)

This method of purification removals dissolved solids between the sizes of 0.005-0.1 microns. Many a times it is used as a pre-treatment step before Reverse Osmosis (RO). The Ultra filtration membrane works as a molecular sieve and it separates molecules based on the size. The water passes through an extremely fine filter which retains most macromolecules that are above a certain size like colloids, microorganisms etc. Smaller molecules like solvents pass through the filter. They work best in areas where the TDS level is below 500 mg / liter.

Ionization

This method of purification is ideal if you live in an area where you get hard water. To convert hard water to soft water, the water is passed over an ion exchange resin. Water flows over the surface and dissolves the sodium. The calcium, magnesium and other cations precipitate on to the surface. Ion-exchange can reduce hardness in the water. It can also get rid of contaminants like iron, lead, copper, barium, radium and nitrates. This technology is usually integrated into water purifiers along with other methods.

When you are buying a water purifier make sure that it is certified by an accredited body like the NSF, WQA and FDA.

Armed with all this information you can safely step out and pick a water purifier that suits your needs. Now, ensure that you family drinks water that is pure and safe.



Source by Minhaz Fatima

Patna – Ancient Patliputra

Patna, ancient PATLIPUTRA, stands as historical icon in the era of the battles. It is an eyewitness which saw lots of kingdom rivals, lots of battle ground conflicts, etc.

With passage of time the place has undergone vast changes.Situated on the bank of holy river Ganga, the big city of Patna has invariant tastes of life.

If we see the infamous monument "GOLGHAR", which was used for storating grains in ancient times, it gives a reflection of the past sculpture and architect. One can have a glimpse of the entire city on seeing from the top of the monument. This monument "GOLGHAR", round dome shaped huge building presents an excellent piece of architecture by GARSTEIN.

Apart from that Patna Museum stores a vast reserves of ancient unearthed monuments as well as ancient arms & ammunition.

This city is the birthplace of Guru Teg Bahadur and the PATAN SAHEB GURUDWARA is the infamous pilgrim of the Sikhs.

If you go through DAASTANE PATLIPUTRA by Ramjee Mishra Manohar, you will find many unrevealed facts buried deep inside the history. Many monuments were undertaken by Archaeological Survey of India after this book was published.

The city of Patna equally has variant types of dishes and its special cuisines. The delicious JALEBI is an awesome preparation of the place. Khaja, Ladoos are some special sweet dishes.

The city has an important place on the Railway map and you can find access to all the places. The trains are available to all nook and corner of the country.



Source by Gaurav Mishra

Great Comeback for Commercial Real Estate in India!

These days, the demand for commercial spaces has been on the rise and is pushing the yields higher than any other prominent businesses in the cities across the globe. Prominent cities in India like Bengaluru, Mumbai and Delhi have topped the commercial property market in terms of annual rental yields. Reports have confirmed that, these three markets have outperformed all the other global hotspots with 9.5 -10.5% annual returns.

According to a recent global survey made by a popular property consultant firm, Bengaluru has topped the list with the annual rental yield of about 10.5%, whereas the cities like London, Singapore, New York and Hong Kong ranged between 2.5 – 7% at the highest. This is just an instance that proves Indian commercial real estate is back to form.

Bengaluru and Mumbai in Top 5 Global Cities’ List

Yes, Mumbai and Bengaluru are in the list of top 5 global cities for future rental growth and it is also expected to grow to 22% and 16% respectively. Also, 67% of the investments are flowing to Indian real estate market, which is highest among all the other countries. This clearly indicates the growing appetite of Indian commercial property market.

Healthy Traction Since 2014

With all the real estate happenings across India, it’s quite evident that the office space market has been in a healthy traction since 2014. India registered the office space transactions of about 18 million sq. ft. in the first six months of 2015, and by the end of 2015, the country completed the transaction of a whopping 40.21 million sq. ft. which is the highest since 2011. It also has to be noted that, out of 40.21 million sq. ft. area, the transactions of about 12 million sq. ft. was happened in Bengaluru.

Robust Demand for Office Spaces

It’s true that the yields have shown a robust growth, but the current office rentals in Delhi and Mumbai are still lower than the peak levels of 2007 by 19% and 17% respectively. Bengaluru is an outlier here also wherein the rentals are more by 8%. Currently Mumbai and Delhi are facing an acute shortage of quality spaces, which has created an upward pressure on office rentals.

With this being the scenario of Indian commercial real estate, the Real Estate Investment Trusts are expected to give a further push to the commercial real estate and is also estimated to have the investments worth $100 billion in the next few years. Even though the vacancy rate stands at 17%, investors and occupiers are still finding it difficult to get quality office spaces across prime districts.

Due to the robust demand for office spaces from start-ups and large organizations, rentals are experiencing a substantial surge leading demand to outstrip the supply. Looking at the demand for office space, we can say that commercial real estate market is making a strong comeback after being in dumps for about three years, having great deals in the pipeline and showing the signs of recovery.



Source by Sahaana M Jai

Tshirts Becoming Hot in India

The Cool ‘n’ Trendy T-shirts becoming hot in India

Wearing Tees: It is all about your personality and attitude

T-shirts are those simple, comfy cotton casuals, an influence of the West, which blends easily with Indian style of dressing. T-shirt, if the funny name makes you wonder, here is the history. The name apparently is credited to its simple design. Indian Tennis player Sania Mirza wears T-shirt bearing the words like “Well-behaved women rarely make history”, “Attitude Unlimited” and many more. Today she is facing a tough time in answering the questions from the media related to skin tight T-shirt she wears. Indeed a hot issue of cool T-shirt!

Everyone believes that what you dress or wear says a lot about your personality. It displays your character and behavior. Sometimes T-shirts gives a perfect attitude of a person when displaying some slogans or logos and it also displays the community or religion you belong to or association / group associated with it, hence it leads to intelligent conversation or displays what you want to speak about. That means it convey your messages in the form of slogan or logo and ultimately your attitude!

Normally, teens prefer short sleeves T-shirt with attitude slogans. Many young people prefers T-shirts with attitude slogans like “God bless everyone”,” Bad attitude”, “I am on summer holiday”, ” Flower Friend”, , “I have an attitude!”, etc. If you care about the animals show it with “Animal’s friend”, if you care about environment wear T-shirt with slogans like “Think Green”, “Protect Earth from Pollution” and the possibility of playing around with words, designing and wearing it on you is immense. And all it depends on what you want to show and what you are wearing that ultimately describe your attitude.

T-shirts are most preferred and acceptable in Indian market

In India, earlier, T-shirts were preferred by children and teens only, but now a days people of all age-groups wears T-shirts. Generally old age people prefer mostly collared T-shirts with branded names. Kids buy T-shirts of styles Pokemon and Spiderman and with many cartoon themes.

Recently, T-shirts with plain colors like white, bottle green, emerald green, kelly green, sky blue, navy, orange, royal blue, sunflower, heather, ash, olive, khaki, deep navy, navy, aqua etc are preferred in office or with the corporate logo or slogans. Today, a new corporate trend of dressing observed in India, especially in the information technology industry where you can come with a blazer or sports jacket and attend a meeting wearing T-shirt too.

Ladies are also wearing T-shirts in corporate houses with contrasting bound neck band and cuffs, short sleeve T-shirts. Even many offices are also favoring Western wear including corporate T-shirts. Indian fashion trends are going to West now a days.

Shopping malls have been growing in India like mushrooms and selling branded T-shirts and clothes to youngsters. In India most ladies are wearing T-shirts, Indian women are giving up their traditional wears like saris, salwar kameez and pajamas and replacing these with western wear, like skirts and trousers, jeans wear, short and tight T-shirts etc. Women find Western clothing is like skirts and trousers, jeans wear, short and tight T-shirts etc. Women find Western clothing are more convenient, especially when office hours or while traveling. Along with a short T-shirt women are used to wear low-cut pants/jeans with a tight belt is a hot and new trend in India.

Demand: trendy and flourishing T-shirt market of India

A peep inside casual wear stores here suggests that T-shirts have a presence that cannot be ignored and also have an ally even among the not-so-fashion-conscious people here.

A splash of colours, a few funky words do a mighty bit towards endearing them to any crowd, young or old. T-shirts now serve as the easiest canvass for a piece of art ranging from a Superman to political slogans. The scope of playing around with words and wearing it on you is tremendous.

There is availability of the standard, fashionable and designable distinctive varieties of T-shirts in the Indian market. There is significantly more demand of embroidery, Jewellery and custom designed T-shirts too.

The current trends of T-shirts also include flocking T-shirts where “Flocking” – is a process by which vat-dyed fibers are tied to the fabric with a heat transfer process, and are becoming demanding more and more. These T-shirt are distinctive in terms of fit, feel and styling. There are many T-shirts manufacturers are manufacturing light weight T-shirts to satisfy the needs of the light weight T-shirts consumers.

In addition to manufacturers many designers have geared up their styles of making T-shirts in the form of arts like jewelled designed T-shirts, crystal designed T-shirts, embodied T-shirts, and Digital Jewelled designed T-shirts etc. Recently, National Institute of Fashion Technology graduate Mr. Shantanu of Kolkata (India) designed jewelled T-shirts with the theme of God Kirshna’s character. These kind of Jewelled and embroiled T-shirts are hot in metro cities of India. This fashion trends are affecting more and more to the young and the trendy people. Digitally printed jewelled T-shirts bearing opulent Mughal theme with attitude slogans are still popular among youths.

Currently, In India, fashion is considered as a serious business and the market demand will be booming. Tight T-shirt with mini skirts or jeans pants is hot trend in Indian youngsters. Most of young ladies are accepting to be an ultra-sexy by wearing mini skirts with tight and short T-shirts or feminine long skirts with off shouldered sexy T-shirts. India experiences the West, that’s the big trend. The slim fit, fluorescent and fast color T-shirts were sold out more during this Diwali.

The branding game

In India T-shirts industries have raised by 27 percent followed by blouses/shirts and trousers. Recent market report survey says this segment of clothing in India accounts for 4.22 per cent of the Indian apparel market with sales of Rs. 2,419 crores, this includes T-shirts for women and have become trendy.

According to KSA Techno Park, Nike is the market leader, followed by Reebok in three of the income segments, except for Adidas in the Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 25,000 income segment, and Nike has an 8.3 percent share.

The income analysis of women explains that Reebok is the top women’s “active wear” T-shirt in the lower income segment, Nike in the middle income segment and Adidas leads the highest income bracket.

Duke is the most popular brand in clothing of the lowest income segment of consumers; it is second in the next higher income slab to Lee and third in the Rs. 50,001 to Rs. 1 lakh income group. The top five in the highest income group is considered Wills Sports followed by Lacoste, Allen Solly, Lee and Classic Polo in order-wise.

Benetton is the second most popular brand in the segment of income of Rs. 50,001 to Rs. 1 lakh and has received fifth rank in the Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 25,000 segment. In the lowest income bracket Peter England is among the top five favorites and Crocodile gets similar approval in the Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 50,000 income segment. In the next higher income segment, Allen Solly and ColorPlus are considering.

The report says, there are two sub-categories in T-shirts market, one is active wear and second is casual wear. Generally, people are likely to wear active wear brands for their morning jogging or routine work while the casual T-shirts used for the purpose of informal clothing. Active wear clothing tends to have a high recall because of many international brands have become more or less generic with active wear.

The future of T-shirt Industry in India

Movies, film stars and celebrities play an important role in suggesting the youths to wear stylish T-shirts. Sometimes people become aware of a new collection only after the film stars or celebrities wear them in movies. Film stars make a fashion statement by wearing their words on T-shirt, while other celebrities make their statements a bit in a different way or in their choosy styles. Even Sushmita Sen’s sari-look in ‘Main Hoon Na’ movie liked by people but personally she prefers to wear jeans and a T-shirt.

T-shirts are also increasingly being used in Indian corporate houses to motivate employees, to build brand loyalty in the market as well as to display the company’s attitude by displaying its motto or slogan in front of stakeholders. Today in major corporate houses promotional T-shirts became very popular as corporate gifts and more and more corporate or promotional T-shirts are demanding in the market, manufacturers are also manufacturing best quality designer-type pieces with buyers’ logos, institutional advertising, slogans and emblems on T-shirts as well as for the end users. During the last cricket world cup, one of the Net portals sold some 60,000 promotional T-shirts in 60 days.

After WTO textile quotas were removed in January, traders of T-shirts in India observed export demand growth by 25 percent in the first quarter of this year in against the same period of 2004.

The export of ladies’ blouses is up 26% to 29 million euros, jerseys and pullovers are up 12%, and men’s T-shirts are up 37%. The collective export of blouses, skirts and T-shirts were about Rs 9,000 crore last year. The India’s accomplishment has been amazing in four categories (as below) which had been eliminated by quota and it has been capable to maximize the use of quota levels, these cover T-shirts (Cat-4), ladies blouse (Cat-7), gents shirts (Cat-8) and ladies dresses (Cat-26). Amid the above categories, T-shirts has a bigger share in the top 10 categories trapping around 8.2 per cent of the total MFA imports of EU.

To satisfy the increased demand and seize market opportunities, many manufacturers and traders are adding new production lines and even building new factories. Many companies are improving their technology too. Main production centers of T-shirts in India are Tirupur, Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi and Ludhiana.

Recently Tetriberica, a Portugal based apparel manufacturing company has opened an India office at Tirupur with the aim of providing sportswear and T-shirts in Indian market, and many international companies are looking towards the growth by targeting the Indian market. A new production unit in Gujarat has been establishing by T.T. Ltd for T-shirt manufacturing. Pytex Hosiery Mills is also constructing a new factory in Haryana to increase its production capacity. And many Indian T-shirt manufacturers are improving their production facilities and developing their capability among the challenge of stiff competition passed on by the lifting of quotas.

Selections of Tees on latest trends give you a superior look

Wearing a T-shirt of your choice gives your looks more attractive but what type of T-shirt you select gives your looks better than others. Your personality depends on the selection of right type of T-shirts like size differences, fabric, color, printing process etc and depends on the latest trends too. Selections of Tees on latest trends give you a better look and enhance your personality.

Selection of Fabric

T-shirts can be made from many materials and fabric decides many features about a T-shirt, such as how well a T-shirt will give its shape after wearing and washing. And it also depends for what purpose T-shirts you are going to wear, i.e. the selection of soft and flexible or durable heavy fabric or non- shrinkable material like polyester/cotton blends, selection of fiber contents etc. Select the fabric of T-shirt or its material according to your purpose.

Colour and Design and Garment distortion

Different brands provide different color choices and designs. To avoid color fading, choose appropriate and long lasting color shade T-shirts to your wearing purpose. Over and over again a brand new T-shirt leaves the washer and dryer in an unsatisfactory condition. All T-shirts will shrink to some extent when they are first washed. Shrinking is become more problem while it shrinking continually by washing. To avoid this problem select cotton polyester blend T-shirts, this will shrink less.

Differences of sizes

The selection of T-shirts is depends on the size of that T-shirt you wear and ultimately it affects on your personality. Sizing varies vividly from brand to brand. Not only does the general size change drastically, but the length and width proportions differ as well. Your figure and style will decide what brand will give you the right fit. Check out sizing of T-shirts.

Pilling

On the surface of the garment sometimes pilling is appeared. To reduce this, purchase no-pill or low-pill materialized T-shirt.

Neckband

The neckband should choose a knit to stretch over the head, then reshape in its original. A firm knit ribbing is often utilized. A nylon blend ribbing provides added reinforcement.

Care Tags

Most T-shirts are generally provided with care label, with suggestion to required garment care. Some T-shirts can be cleaned in hot or warm water and tumble dried; others may need more extraordinary care such as machine washing in cold water and line drying or lying flat to dry. T-shirts with transfer prints and decorated, generally require special care, such as turning the T-shirt wrong side out before laundering. Keep in mind to maintain garment appearance; you should have to follow care recommendations.

Latest trend

And at the last but not the least purchase T-shirts to suits your mood , the purpose of wearing and the latest trends of designs, color combination etc in the market.



Source by Gaurav Doshi

Himalaya Mountains – A Quick Introduction

Located on the border of Nepal and Tibet is Mount Everest, or to the Tibetans, Mt Chomolangma – meaning Goddess Mother of the World. It is the world's highest mountain, and it is the crown jewel of this wondrous mountain range.

The first published height was in 1856 at 8840 meters (29,000 ft) by the Great Trigonometric Survey, and was so known as Peak XV. In 1865 the Surveyor General of India, Andrew Waugh, proposed to name the peak after the head of the Great Trigonometric Survey, Sir George Everest.

In Tibetan scripture, the mountain is named Chomolangma, and the Goddess who lives there is a Tibetan Deity called Miyo Langsangma.

In the early 1950's, Sir Edmund Hillary and his teammates climbed to the summit of Mt. Everest with heavy oxygen tanks strapped to their backs. At that time, Sir Hillary estimated the height of the majestic peak at 29,000 feet.

Modern day scientists, with the aid of GPS technology, have now calculated its height at 29,035 feet. This is less than 12 yards away from the original estimation. Of the approximately 6,000 climbers who have attempted to reach Everest's summit, only 2,249 have succeeded.

Me and Mount Everest

The Himalaya mountains have aounding effect on the region's climate, most notably the northern portion of India and the Tibetan plateau. The range acts as a shield to prevent the dryer, frigidly cold Arctic winds from blowing into the south.

This natural barricade keeps the southern portion of Asia much warmer than similar temperate regions on other continents. In addition, the range forms a barrier to prevent monsoon winds from traveling to the north and the chain of mountains also keeps winter disturbances from Iran from pushing in from the west.

This geographical phenomenon results in snow in the Kashmir valley area of ​​northwest India and rainy for parts of Punjab and northern India.

While acting as a barrier for Mother Nature, the Himalaya mountains have also predated the migration of some people for tens of thousands of years. Significant differences in language, customs, and culture exist between the people from northern India and those from China and Mongolia.

Travel routes and military movements were likewise, simply restricted. Genghis Khan could not expand his empire to the south of the Himalayas because of the impossibly rugged terrain.



Source by Shane Marden